The world’s second largest country by total area, Canada is located in North America. It shares the longest land border in the world with the United States of America. Globally recognized as providing one of the highest standards of living in the world. Canada is one of the most desirable nations in which to work and live. As such, Canada has one of the world’s highest immigration rates. Up to 260,000 people emigrated to Canada last year, motivated, it is thought, by Canada’s strong economy, democratic governance and multicultural constitution.

Key Facts

A bi-lingual nation, Canada’s official languages are English and French. Epic in size, Canada consists of ten distinct provinces and three territories. Interestingly, each Canadian province has the power to choose its own legislature, which means each province has its own ‘Premier’, or government leader. This shared governance of the country means each province possesses its own distinct identity and unique personality.

Governed as a parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarchy, Canada is also a member of various international organizations such as NATO, the G20, the World Trade Organisation and the United Nations. Due, in part, to its globally significant political position, Canada is known to be one of the fairest and safest places to live in the world.

Economy and industry

One of the most highly-developed countries in the world, Canada has an exceptionally strong and stable economy. Currently ranked eight amongst the economies of the world, Canada’s rich and plentiful supply of natural resources has helped to establish its position as a globally significant economic power. Primarily agricultural, Canada’s natural resources make up a high percentage of its outgoing trade, including: fish, tobacco, oilseed, barley and wheat.

The services sector provides employment to almost 75% of Canada’s working population and the manufacturing industries (primarily lumber and oil) are responsible for 36% of the country’s output. Canada’s major manufacturing and service industries continue to help the economy to grow and stabilise, although the current global economic crisis has had an impact on the country’s employment rate and national debt.

Working and Studying in Canada

Thanks to the strength and scale of Canada’s economy, the standard of living in Canada is known to be the almost universally first rate. Canada employs approximately 150,000 foreigners to work in Canada each year. In order to be one of the,m you must apply for a work permit and secure work before you relocate. If you are a trained professional whose trade corresponds with current skill shortages, or you are an investor, trader or entrepreneur, it is must more likely that you will find work in Canada.

Canada’s tourism, healthcare, education, retail and business sectors are the largest employers of Canadians. They are growing rapidly, especially in concentrated urban areas. There are many world-class universities in Canada. Over 90,000 students from all over the globe travel to Canada every year to complete their education. In order to study in Canada, you may need to seek permission in the form of a study permit or temporary resident visa. However, these restrictions do not apply to all. The rules differ depending on which university you wish to study at and the province it is located in. It is advisable to seek advice from your chosen institution or the citizenship and immigration authority in Canada before beginning the application process.

Living in Canada

Canada is known as one of the most diverse and welcoming nations in the world. The protection of multiculturalism is firmly ingrained in the Canadian constitution. The cultural identity of Canada is a patchwork of regional, ethnic and social difference. The Canadian government is committed to promoting a free and tolerant society in which same-sex marriage is legal. Healthcare is publicly funded and increasingly serious efforts are made to eradicate poverty. There can be no denying that Canada is one of the most sought-after places to live, work and study, in the world.


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